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DBG Physaria bellii Demographic Monitoring

Latest version published by Kathryn Kalmbach Herbarium (Denver Botanic Gardens) on Jun 4, 2018 Kathryn Kalmbach Herbarium (Denver Botanic Gardens)

This dataset consists of data collected when monitoring a population of the imperiled (G2) species Physaria bellii G. Mulligan. Observations and data were recorded once per year in 2017, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2013, and 2016. Observations were made within a 30 meter by 20 meter macro-plot, within which are smaller 30 meter by 1 meter sub-plots (may be referred to as transects). Data recorded consists of the location of plants within a sub-plot, the number of other P. bellii individuals (rosettes) within the immediate surrounding vicinity of the plant of interest, if the plant was flowering, the number of inflorescences present, the number of fruits present, and if any animal herbivory is exhibited on the plant of interest.

Data Records

The data in this sampling event resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 2,154 records. 2 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.

  • Event (core)
    2154
  • MeasurementOrFact 
    8155
  • Occurrence 
    2154

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.

Downloads

Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 2,154 records in English (577 KB) - Update frequency: not planned
Metadata as an EML file download in English (20 KB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (15 KB)

Versions

The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Levy R (2018): DBG Physaria bellii Demographic Monitoring. v1.2. Kathryn Kalmbach Herbarium (Denver Botanic Gardens). Dataset/Samplingevent. http://ipt.vertnet.org:8080/ipt/resource?r=dbg_physaria-bellii_demographicmonitoring&v=1.2

Rights

Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Kathryn Kalmbach Herbarium (Denver Botanic Gardens). To the extent possible under law, the publisher has waived all rights to these data and has dedicated them to the Public Domain (CC0 1.0). Users may copy, modify, distribute and use the work, including for commercial purposes, without restriction.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: d271ae38-a8eb-46d5-875a-2a851818785d.  Kathryn Kalmbach Herbarium (Denver Botanic Gardens) publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by U.S. Geological Survey.

Keywords

Samplingevent; Physaria bellii; G2; rare; imperiled; Colorado; Larimer County; Denver Botanic Gardens; Colorado Natural Areas Program; Front Range; Brassicaceae

Contacts

Who created the resource:

Richard Levy
Database Associate
Denver Botanic Gardens 909 York St 80206 Denver Colorado US 7208653657
https://www.botanicgardens.org/team/profile/rick-levy

Who can answer questions about the resource:

Richard Levy
Database Associate
Denver Botanic Gardens 909 York St 80206 Denver Colorado US 7208653657
https://www.botanicgardens.org/team/profile/rick-levy
Jennifer Neale
Director of Research and Conservation
Denver Botanic Gardens 909 York St 80206 Denver Colorado US
Michelle DePrenger-Levin
Research Associate
Denver Botanic Gardens 909 York St 80206 Denver Colorado US

Who filled in the metadata:

Richard Levy
Database Associate
Denver Botanic Gardens 909 York St 80206 Denver Colorado US 7208653657
https://www.botanicgardens.org/team/profile/rick-levy

Who else was associated with the resource:

Metadata Provider
Richard Levy
Database Associate
Denver Botanic Gardens 909 York St 80206 Denver Colorado US 7208653657
https://www.botanicgardens.org/team/profile/rick-levy
Principal Investigator
Jennifer Neale
Director of Research and Conservation
Denver Botanic Gardens 909 York St 80206 Denver Colorado US

Geographic Coverage

Exact location of the population has been redacted from this dataset to protect the integrity of this imperiled (G2) species. Please contact the listed individuals for detailed location information.

Bounding Coordinates South West [40.616, -105.353], North East [40.963, -104.878]

Taxonomic Coverage

No Description available

Species  Physaria bellii (Bell's twinpod)

Temporal Coverage

Start Date / End Date 2007-06-16 / 2016-06-11

Project Data

This dataset consists of data collected when monitoring a population of the imperilled (G2) species Physaria bellii G. Mulligan. Observations and data were recorded once per year in 2017, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2013, and 2016. Observations were made within a 30 meter by 20 meter macro-plot, within which are smaller 30 meter by 1 meter sub-plots (may be referred to as transects). Data recorded consists of the location of plants within a sub-plot, the number of other P. bellii individuals (rosettes) within the immediate surrounding vicinity of the plant of interest, if the plant was flowering, the number of inflorescences present, the number of fruits present, and if any animal herbivory is exhibited on the plant of interest. Physaria bellii G. Mulligan is a rare endemic species of the northern Front Range foothills of Colorado. Populations are known from Boulder, Jefferson, and Larimer Counties. The species is ranked imperiled globally and statewide (G2/S2). Primary threats to the species are mining, suburban expansion, and road construction, as well as invasion of habitat by noxious weeds. Due to threats and lack of data on the health of this species, Denver Botanic Gardens and the Colorado Natural Areas Program initiated the groundwork for a population trend study of P. bellii in 2007. One macroplot was installed and sampled in 2007 and resampled in subsequent years. This annual sampling provides an opportunity for volunteers to gain field experience as part of the Rare Plant Monitoring Steward program. The goal of the study is to document the population size of P. bellii at this site over time. Physaria bellii was first described by Gerald A. Mulligan in 1966 from seed propagated from a specimen near Boulder, CO (Mulligan 1966). Currently, populations are known from outcrops of the Niobrara and Pierre formations in the northern Front Range of Colorado. Physaria bellii is usually found in shrub communities dominated by Rhus trilobata and Cercocarpus montanus in the Niobrara and Pierre Formation shales and limestones, at elevations of 1580 to 1750 meters. There are 25 known occurrences of P. bellii with approximately one million individual plants (NatureServe 2008). Physaria bellii forms a basal rosette with broadly obovate leaves that are obtuse at their apex, and have a silvery pubescence with flat stellate hairs. Flowers are yellow, and bloom from March to May (see Figure 2). Fruit appear from June to July and form a silique of twin papery sacs with a constriction separating the locules that is equally deep above and below (Spackman et al., 1997).

Title DBG Physaria bellii Demographic Monitoring
Study Area Description In 2007, Denver Botanic Gardens and Colorado Natural Areas Program set up a macro-plot to monitor Physaria bellii at Park Creek Hogback Natural Area (formerly called North Poudre Reservoir Natural Area) in Larimer County, Colorado. Park Creek Hogback Natural Area is northwest of Ft. Collins, along County Road 72, at an elevation of approximately 1525 meters. The area around the macro-plot is characterized by dry and loose gray shale slopes and sagebrush, including invasive species such as Linaria genistifolia spp. dalmatica (Dalmation toadflax).
Design Description The Physaria bellii transect is found along the western slope of the ridge. The 20m x 30m plot is located along the ridge, 43 meters north of the barbed wire fence. Each transect within the macroplot is 30 x 1 meters, and are placed at 2 meters intervals starting from 1.97 meters from the south west corner of the macroplot. On the south grid of the plot, a nail and its number are allotted. Run a tape measure 30m parallel with the ridge. Straighten tape (make sure tape measures 30m long). Some nails on the north edge are placed at more than 30m due to rocks or constraints of the soil but measurements should only be recorded to 30m. Position a 1m x 30m macro-plot in the correct location for the macro-plot to be sampled, i.e., meters 7.97-8.97 x 30m for plot 7.97m (tag #86). Before beginning actual observation, make sure you fill in the name of the site, plot # (meter), tag # (nail tag), page # per plot, date and your name. Count all Physaria bellii that fall within the plot or touch the south and west lines of the macro-plot (see Figure 1). Plants touching the north and east lines are considered out and not recorded. For X-coordinate (0-100cm) and Y-coordinate (0-30m), record the distance from the starting point to the center of the plant, i.e., 0.55m (55cm) and 22m. If you find a cluster of tiny Physaria bellii rosettes, record the distance to the center of the cluster for the X-coordinate and Y-coordinate, and then count the number of rosettes in the cluster. Record whether the plant is flowered (i.e., 0 or 1), and the number of flowering stems. If the plant has fruit, please count the number of fruit on the plant. Record whether the plant is browsed by insects or mammals, trampled by human or mammals (i.e., 0 or 1). In the comment section, describe the type of browsing observed and the condition of the plant, if any. Note: 0-absence, 1-presence.

The personnel involved in the project:

Principal Investigator
Jennifer Neale

Sampling Methods

The Physaria bellii transect is found along the western slope of the ridge. The 20m x 30m plot is located along the ridge, 43 meters north of the barbed wire fence. Each transect within the macroplot is 30 x 1 meters, and are placed at 2 meters intervals starting from 1.97 meters from the south west corner of the macroplot. On the south grid of the plot, a nail and its number are allotted. Run a tape measure 30m parallel with the ridge. Straighten tape (make sure tape measures 30m long). Some nails on the north edge are placed at more than 30m due to rocks or constraints of the soil but measurements should only be recorded to 30m. Position a 1m x 30m macro-plot in the correct location for the macro-plot to be sampled, i.e., meters 7.97-8.97 x 30m for plot 7.97m (tag #86). Before beginning actual observation, make sure you fill in the name of the site, plot # (meter), tag # (nail tag), page # per plot, date and your name. Count all Physaria bellii that fall within the plot or touch the south and west lines of the macro-plot (see Figure 1). Plants touching the north and east lines are considered out and not recorded. For X-coordinate (0-100cm) and Y-coordinate (0-30m), record the distance from the starting point to the center of the plant, i.e., 0.55m (55cm) and 22m. If you find a cluster of tiny Physaria bellii rosettes, record the distance to the center of the cluster for the X-coordinate and Y-coordinate, and then count the number of rosettes in the cluster. Record whether the plant is flowered (i.e., 0 or 1), and the number of flowering stems. If the plant has fruit, please count the number of fruit on the plant. Record whether the plant is browsed by insects or mammals, trampled by human or mammals (i.e., 0 or 1). In the comment section, describe the type of browsing observed and the condition of the plant, if any. Note: 0-absence, 1-presence.

Study Extent 30 meter by 1 meter sub-plots within a 30 meter by 20 meter macro-plot.

Method step description:

  1. The Physaria bellii transect is found along the western slope of the ridge. The 20m x 30m plot is located along the ridge, 43 meters north of the barbed wire fence. Each transect within the macroplot is 30 x 1 meters, and are placed at 2 meters intervals starting from 1.97 meters from the south west corner of the macroplot. On the south grid of the plot, a nail and its number are allotted. Run a tape measure 30m parallel with the ridge. Straighten tape (make sure tape measures 30m long). Some nails on the north edge are placed at more than 30m due to rocks or constraints of the soil but measurements should only be recorded to 30m. Position a 1m x 30m macro-plot in the correct location for the macro-plot to be sampled, i.e., meters 7.97-8.97 x 30m for plot 7.97m (tag #86). Before beginning actual observation, make sure you fill in the name of the site, plot # (meter), tag # (nail tag), page # per plot, date and your name. Count all Physaria bellii that fall within the plot or touch the south and west lines of the macro-plot (see Figure 1). Plants touching the north and east lines are considered out and not recorded. For X-coordinate (0-100cm) and Y-coordinate (0-30m), record the distance from the starting point to the center of the plant, i.e., 0.55m (55cm) and 22m. If you find a cluster of tiny Physaria bellii rosettes, record the distance to the center of the cluster for the X-coordinate and Y-coordinate, and then count the number of rosettes in the cluster. Record whether the plant is flowered (i.e., 0 or 1), and the number of flowering stems. If the plant has fruit, please count the number of fruit on the plant. Record whether the plant is browsed by insects or mammals, trampled by human or mammals (i.e., 0 or 1). In the comment section, describe the type of browsing observed and the condition of the plant, if any. Note: 0-absence, 1-presence.

Bibliographic Citations

  1. Plant Phenology Ontology (PPO) http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ppo.owl http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ppo.owl
  2. Spackman, S., B. Jennings, J. Coles, C. Dawson, M. Minton, A. Kratz, and C. Spurrier. 1997. Colorado rare plant field guide. Prepared for Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Forest Service and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service by Colorado Natural Heritage Program.
  3. Mulligan, Gerald A. 1966. Two new species of Physaria (Cruciferae) in Colorado. Canadian Journal of Botany. 44:1661-1665.
  4. NatureServe Explorer. 2008. Accessed 30 September 2008. Online at http://www.natureserve.org/explorer/.

Additional Metadata

Specific locality and georeference information has been redacted to protect the integrity of the population of ranked (G2/S2) species.

Alternative Identifiers d271ae38-a8eb-46d5-875a-2a851818785d
http://ipt.vertnet.org:8080/ipt/resource?r=dbg_physaria-bellii_demographicmonitoring