UF Florida Archaeology Parnell Mound Site (8CO326), Feature 1 Zooarchaeological Data

最新版本 由 Florida Museum of Natural History, Florida Archaeology 發佈於 Jul 17, 2019 Florida Museum of Natural History, Florida Archaeology

Parnell site, Feature 1, analyzed animal data. Data and specimens curated in Florida Archaeology, Florida Museum of Natural History.

Data Records

The data in this 出現紀錄 resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 1,601 records. 1 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.

  • Occurrence (核心)
    1601
  • ChronometricAge 
    2254

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.

下載

下載最新版本的Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A)資源,或資源元數據的EML或RTF文字檔。

DwC-A資料集 下載 1,601 紀錄 在 English 中 (240 KB) - Update frequency: 需要時
元數據EML檔 下載 在 English 中 (19 KB)
元數據RTF文字檔 下載 在 English 中 (11 KB)

版本

The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

如何引用

研究者應依照以下指示引用此資源。:

Wallis N (2016): UF Florida Archaeology Parnell Mound Site (8CO326), Feature 1 Zooarchaeological Data. v1.15. Florida Museum of Natural History, Florida Archaeology. Dataset/Occurrence. http://ipt.vertnet.org:8080/ipt/resource?r=flarch_zooarch_parnell_feature1&v=1.15

Rights

研究者應尊重以下權利聲明。:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Florida Museum of Natural History, Florida Archaeology. To the extent possible under law, the publisher has waived all rights to these data and has dedicated them to the Public Domain (CC0 1.0). Users may copy, modify, distribute and use the work, including for commercial purposes, without restriction.

GBIF 註冊

此資源已向GBIF註冊,並指定以下之GBIF UUID: 30595b72-0016-42cf-a1b5-afa6a2474cba。  Florida Museum of Natural History, Florida Archaeology 發佈此資源,並經由U.S. Geological Survey同意向GBIF註冊成為資料發佈者。

關鍵字

Occurrence; Specimen

聯絡資訊

資源建立者:

Neill Wallis
Curator
Florida Museum of Natural History Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida 32611 Gainesville Florida US (352)273-1920
http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/flarch/home/

可回覆此資源相關問題者:

Neill Wallis
Curator
Florida Museum of Natural History Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida 32611 Gainesville Florida US (352)273-1920
http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/flarch/home/

元數據填寫者:

Neill Wallis
Curator
Florida Museum of Natural History Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida 32611 Gainesville Florida US (352)273-1920
http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/flarch/home/

與此資源的相關者:

典藏經理
Neill Wallis
Curator
Florida Museum of Natural History Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida 32611 Gainesville Florida US (352)273-1920
http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/flarch/home/
託管人
Donna Ruhl
Florida Archaeology Collection Manager
Florida Museum of Natural History Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida 32611 Gainesville Florida US (352)273-1928
http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/flarch/home/
作者
Meggan Blessing
PhD candidate
Florida Museum of Natural History Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida 32611 Gainesville Florida US
程式設計師
John Wieczorek
Information Architect
VertNet AR

地理涵蓋範圍

Feature 1 within Parnell Site.

界定座標範圍 緯度南界 經度西界 [30.145, -82.793], 緯度北界 經度東界 [30.297, -82.617]

分類群涵蓋範圍

All archaeological specimens identified to subphylum, class, order, genus, or species.

Subphylum  Vertebrata
Class  Mammalia,  Actinopterygii,  Bivalvia,  Aves
Order  Testudines

時間涵蓋範圍

起始日期 / 結束日期 1160-01-01 / 1260-01-01

計畫資料

Adapted From: Wallis, Neill J. (2012). Florida Museum of Natural History Suwannee Valley Field School: The Parnell Mound. In 2012 Field School Summaries, The Florida Anthropologist 65(4):246-248. The 2012 Florida Museum of Natural History Field School conducted survey and excavations at the Parnell Mound site (8CO326), a Suwannee Valley culture site near White Springs. The field school also recorded and investigated the Buck site (8CO1201), a small contemporaneous site located nearby. The project was directed by Neill Wallis and assisted by graduate students Rachel Iannelli and Micah Monés. The Suwannee Valley archaeological culture follows the McKeithen Weeden Island cultures of North Florida and dates to ca. A.D. 900 to 1500. Although Mississippi period components were known to exist as part of multi-component and mixed sites in the region following the survey efforts of Brenda Sigler-Lavelle and Ken Johnson during the 1970s and 1980s, few have been the focus of systematic excavations. Perhaps the lone exception is extensive work at the Fig Springs site led by Brent Weisman that enabled John Worth to refine the late period chronology and better characterize the Suwannee Valley culture. The Suwannee Valley culture is presumed to represent the ancestors of the Utina Timucua who occupied the region during the early colonial era, but there are curiously few archaeological correlates of the chiefdoms that the Spanish described. Preliminary investigations by FLMNH in 2011 identified Parnell as a relatively “pure” Suwannee Valley culture site, a rarity in the region. The goal of the 2012 field school was to define the habitation areas surrounding the mound and collect data to help further refine the Suwannee Valley chronology and describe village life. Students produced a topographic map of the site using a total station, delineated the distribution of artifacts through systematic shovel testing and test excavations, and discovered and excavated a very large pit feature 40 m north-northwest of the mound summit. The field school completed a total of 139 shovel tests and 32 square meters of test and block excavation. The sand mound at Parnell is situated on the edge of a terrace that overlooks a large pond and swamp. The mound is heavily deranged after illicit digging, some of it with heavy machinery, but its original dimensions are apparent, measuring 27 m across and between 2 and 3.5 m high above the natural ground surface from various vantage points along the terrace. Artifacts are distributed widely across a 200-m wide area around the mound, however, intensive shovel testing revealed three discrete clusters near the mound. One of these clusters corresponds with a large cultural feature discovered 40 m north-northwest of the mound summit. This feature, the only one recorded at the site, was a pit approximately 2.5 m by 3 m in diameter and extends half a meter below the former ground surface. The feature consisted of a dark black charcoal-filled stain covered by an organically enriched brown sand deposit filled with artifacts and fauna. The feature was also surrounded by a 2-m wide zone of very high artifact density. Within this massive feature and the immediately surrounding deposit were thousands of large deer bone fragments representing numerous individuals, along with myriad other fauna and aritfacts. Rather than uncovering the remains of daily village life, investigations at Parnell identified the location of a substantial feast, where food was prepared en masse, consumed, and soon after deposited and covered over. These are likely the remains of a major event for which people congregated from many surrounding residential sites, perhaps including the small “hamlet” recorded half a kilometer away at the Buck site. Fine screen and bulk samples taken from this feature will provide a treasure trove of information pertaining to diet, food preparation, cuisine, and feasting.

計畫名稱 Florida Museum of Natural History 2012 Suwannee Archaeological Field School
經費來源 The Florida Archaeology Professorship Endowment, Curator of Florida Archaeology
研究區域描述 The site consists of a single 3.5m high sand burial mound and immediately adjacent archaeological deposits that surround it. The total area of the site is less than two hectares. There are two temporal components, an early pre-mound component (represented by lithic debris) and a later component (represented by lithics and pottery). The later component includes Suwannee Valley series pottery and is contemporaneous with the mound.

The personnel involved in the project:

研究主持人
Neill Wallis

取樣方法

All soil was excavated using either a trowel or shovel. All fauna was collected through 1/4-inch and 1/16-inch screen. Materials from non-feature sediment were dry screened through 1/4-inch mesh and feature fill was water screened through 1/16-inch mesh.

研究範圍 14 square meter excavation block divided into eight 1x1m and three 1x2 squares; all excavated in 10 cm levels within natural strata.
品質控管 All areas were excavated in controlled levels. Excavation and material recovery was recorded on official Level Forms and/or Feature Forms. All unit locations were mapped by total station, and all units were georeferenced. All excavation information and data are on file with the FLMNH Anthropology Division.

方法步驟描述:

  1. See above.

收藏資料

蒐藏名稱 Parnell Site (8CO326), Accession # 2012-018-, Florida Archaeology, Florida Museum of Natural History, Gainesville
蒐藏編號 Florida Archaeology
上層採集品識別碼 Florida Museum of Natural History

引用文獻

  1. Wallis, N.J. and M.E. Blessing. 2015. Ritualized Deposition and Feasting Pits: Bundling of animals in Mississippi Period Florida. Cambridge Archaeological Journal 25(1):79-98. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0959774314000699
  2. Wallis, N.J. and M.E. Blessing. 2015. Big Feasts and Small Scale Foragers: Pit features as feast events in the American southeast. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 39:1-18. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaa.2015.01.003

額外的元數據

Description of zooarchaeological analysis from Wallis and Blessing (2015:7): “Zooarchaeological analysis of the vertebrate fauna followed the guidelines described in Reitz and Wing (2008), and was facilitated through the Environmental Archaeology Program’s comparative collection housed at the Florida Museum of Natural History. Individual specimens were identified to the lowest taxonomic category possible, and noted for element, proportion, side, fusion, count, weight, burning, and other modifications. So as not to inflate the assemblage NISP, particularly for deer, attempts were made during analysis to cross-mend fresh breaks, counting articulating pieces as single specimens. Shaft fragments that were large enough to be identified as deer, but that lacked diagnostic features such as muscular attachments or nutrient foramen were combined into the category ‘‘unidentified long bone.’’ Other bones that could not be confidently identified beyond Mammalia were sorted into small, medium, and large mammals where possible. These groupings were based on the elements represented, the degree of fragmentation, and their overall size and thickness. Many of the fragments were too small, however, to assign to a more specific mammal category and therefore were not identified beyond Mammalia.” Wallis, N.J., and M.E. Blessing (2015). Big feasts and small scale foragers: Pit features as feast events in the American southeast. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 39:1-18.

目的 Description of the zooarchaeological analysis of specimen records from the Parnell site.
替代的識別碼 30595b72-0016-42cf-a1b5-afa6a2474cba
3f42d91f-acc2-46e2-a807-f117eab8b762
http://ipt.vertnet.org:8080/ipt/resource?r=flarch_zooarch_parnell_feature1