SIO Benthic Invertebrate Collection
The Scripps Institution of Oceanography Benthic Invertebrate Collection (SIO-BIC) is a research repository housing more than 50,000 lots, representing more than 800,000 specimens and more than 7,600 species from marine environments worldwide.
The Collection includes extensive holdings from deep-sea environments (>1,000 m), chemosynthetic ecosystems (hydrothermal vents, hydrocarbon seeps, whale falls), Antarctica, and the eastern Pacific. Materials have been collected through a range of techniques, from intertidal hand collecting and SCUBA to trawls and deep-sea submersibles.
SIO-BIC contains more than 700 type lots and considerable material properly preserved for genomic studies (95% ethanol and ultracold storage). Multiple preparation types are often available for each lot (e.g., fluid voucher, ethanol subsample, dry material). The searchable electronic database, including a map search feature and specimen images, is updated weekly and publicly accessible online at http://tinyurl.com/siobic.
SIO-BIC supports scientific research by providing specimens for study of the taxonomy, biogeography, and evolution of benthic invertebrates, including the description of many new species. Specimens are available for examination at Scripps and for loan to researchers at recognized institutions worldwide, consistent with our loan policies. Collection staff and materials also support education and public outreach via undergraduate and graduate classes, school programs, guest lectures, artist collaborations, and exhibits and events at the Birch Aquarium.
The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 51,637 records.
This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.
Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:
The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.
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Scripps Institution of Oceanography Benthic Invertebrate Collection
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Marine habitats worldwide, with emphasis on the eastern Pacific, Antarctic, and deep sea (>1,000 m).
|Bounding Coordinates||South West [-90, -180], North East [90, 180]|
Marine invertebrates, primarily benthic but including some pelagic representatives.
|Phylum||Annelida (segmented worms), Arthropoda (arthropods), Brachiopoda (lamp shells), Bryozoa (moss animals), Cnidaria (cnidarians), Ctenophora (comb jellies), Echinodermata (echinoderms), Mollusca (mollusks), Nemertea (ribbon worms), Nematoda (round worms), Platyhelminthes (flat worms), Porifera (sponges), Xenacoelomorpha (xenacoelomorphs)|
|Subphylum||Crustacea (crustaceans), Chelicerata (sea spiders, horseshoe crabs, etc.), Tunicata (tunicates)|
|Class||Crinoidea (crinoids), Asteroidea (sea stars), Ophiuroidea (brittle stars, basket stars), Holothuroidea (sea cucumbers), Echinoidea (sea urchins), Bivalvia (bivalves), Gastropoda (gastropods), Polyplacophora (chitons), Cephalopoda (cephalopods), Monoplacophora (monoplacophorans), Aplacophora (aplacophorans), Calcarea (calcareous sponges), Demospongiae (demosponges), Hexactinellida (glass sponges), Homoscleromorpha (sponges)|
|Collection Name||SIO Benthic Invertebrate Collection|
|Specimen preservation methods||Alcohol, Deep frozen, Dried, Formalin, Microscopic preparation|